english speaking books free download pdf

english speaking books free download pdf

Speak English with Confidence! Better Reading English. Can't find what you're looking for? The sentence is wrong. The verb know is not normally used in the present continuous tense. We cannot say: I am knowing. X We have to say: I know. V The verbs in all the sentences below are in the wrong tense. Rewrite them correctly. As you know, we can use most of the English verbs in the present continuous tense, when they describe actions happening at the time of speaking.

Only some verbs such as those listed in VI. So, you have to be careful. Study the sentences below: I am watching this interesting football match. I am looking through a pair of binoculars that belongs to my cousin. He is sitting near me, but he doesn't seem interested in the match.

The verbs watch, look, and sit are used in the present continuous tense, but the verbs belong and seem are not. Fill in the blanks in the following sentences. Use the right tense of the verbs given in brackets. I read an awful book now. It belongs to my uncle, who love reading crime thrillers. This book contain seven short stories, all of them describing the murders of little boys.

I not understand how an old man like my uncle can enjoy such rubbish! What can I do for you, sir? I've been at the station for over ten minutes. Let me check. It was made at 3. For that you can speak to the ASM, if you like. When exactly will the train arrive? This is the position at the moment. But, it may cover some time, or it may be delayed further.

We'll make another announcement as soon as we receive a message. Have you thought of that? Bear with me for some more time, please, and make yourself comfortable in the waiting room.

Thank you. On the public-address system: Your attention, please. The Andhra Pradesh Express is running four hours late. The sound in well is said with partially rounded lips see Unit 6 , and the sound in very is said with the lower lip raised close to the upper teeth.

You must have noted that the sound in 'very' is the same as the consonant sound spelt with the letter v in these words: arrival cover receive haven't we've Say aloud the above words.

Listen to the dialogue again and practise the sounds. Note carefully the pronunciations of these words: express scheduled announcement noticeboard inconvenience message You must have noticed that these words are said like this: ex'press 'scheduled announcement 'noticeboard incon'venience 'message 3.

Note the pronunciations, written in phonetic symbols, of these words: express ik'spres scheduled 'Jedjuild message 'mesid3 b. Write down the pronunciations of the remaining three words in Section 2 above in phonetic symbols, and say them aloud. Listen again to the dialogue and note the pronunciations of these words: to the of that You will notice that these words are said like this: to to the 5a, 61 of av that 8at These words are called 'form words.

The pronunciations given against them are their 'weak' or shortened pronunciations. Their 'strong' or full pronunciations are very uncommon.

Listen once again Lo the dialogue. List all the contracted fonns used in it, and practise saying them correctly. In the dialogue, 'At the Railway Station', Mohan asks the enquiry clerk a number of questions.

Here are some of them: a What time is the Andhra Pradesh Express expected? Why is Mohan asking the poor man so many questions? Mohan wants to find out details of the train's arrival, etc. He is asking the clerk for information. The most common means to ask for information is questions. There are several types of questions in English.

Two of the common types are: a Questions beginning with words like what, when, where, etc. Let us study the first type in some detail, in this unit.

We will look at the second type in Unit 10, Section VI. Questions beginning with Wh-: These kind of questions seek information about 1 place Where do you live? In Bhopal. About 10 in the morning. By bus. My sister. The old man. What did you see? A big snake. The blue one. Because I missed the bus. About a kilometre. About six hours. About 30 kilos. Once a week. What questions will you ask to get the following items of information? Use the clues given in brackets to frame your questions.

At the railway station, the enquiry clerk says: A We'll make another announcement. Mohan asks: B When exactly will the train arrive? He complains: C This will mean a lot of inconvenience to people. In sentences A , B and C above, the clerk and Mohan are talking about something in the future. The future, as you know, is the time that has not yet come, the time after now.

They use the helping verb will to talk about the future. The other helping verb used for talking about the future is shall. There are several ways people use to talk about the future. In this Unit, we will discuss the use of will and shell. Shall is used normally with the first person, that is, 'I' and 'we': I shall be thirty on my next birthday.

We shall start early tomorrow morning. You will have a lot of work tomorrow. The Prime Minister will tour the state next month. But in conversation, both will and shall are used in the contracted form: ' So, the difference between will and shall is not very important.

The negative of will is formed by adding 'not' directly. But we will not won't start until 7 in the evening. Shall we start? Will you come back soon? Will your mother get angry? Answer the following questions. Use short answers whenever possible. I've been waiting for half an hour now. Do you want me to wait for ever?

I'll give you your tea in a few minutes. Everybody here waits for his turn. If I served you out of turn, the other customers who came before you would complain. Would you like some biscuits or some namkin 1 to go with it? Which would you like? Look here. Its edges are broken, and it's covered with grease and ash and grime.

I don't need any of your biscuits. It's bad. It's overboiled and bitter. I wonder if you've mixed any sugar at all. I've never taken worse tea in my life. Nobody's ever told me anything about my plates and tea.

You're the first person to make a complaint and I promise to be careful in future, sir. How much do I pay for the tea? Thanks a lot for your comments. You can pay me next time. Or is he a little angry? One is the delay. What are the other two? The pronunciations are given in phonetic symbols. Note the pronunciations, written in phonetic symbols, of these words: idea ai'dia survive so'vaiv promise 'promis b.

Write down in phonetic symbols the pronunciations of the remaining five words in Scction 2, and say them aloud. Note the weak pronunciations of these form words: who for some and You will notice that these words are said like this: who hu for fa some sam and and b. The customer at the tea-stall seems to dislike most of the things happening there.

He says: What's the idea? God, how dirty this plate is! The customer is complaining about the slow service, the dirty plate, and the bad tea. All of us need to complain about something or other, now and then. We can make such complaints rather rudely, like the customer at the tea-stall. Or, we can complain in a polite way. Let us look at some polite ways of introducing complaints: a Sorry, but. I'm sorry to bring this up, but. I'm sorry to have to say this, but.

I have to make a complaint about the watch you sold me last week. You must have noticed that a above is very informal, while d is very formal. In fact, d is normally used in formal written complaints. How will you make polite complaints in the following situations? Your neighbour's children play music very loudly till midnight. Complain to your neighbour, b You bought a mixer-grinder. It broke down three times in six months.

The local dealer refuses to repair it. Complain to the manufacturer in writing. Write only one sentence. The smoke makes you feel sick. Complain to the conductor. Complain in writing to the municipal commissioner, e Suppose you were the customer in the tea stall. Make the complaints he made, but make them more politely!

Listen to the customer at the tea stall. He is saying: A Its edges are broken. B I wonder if you've mixed any sugar at all. C I've never taken worse tea in my life. The owner of the tea stall uses the following sentences. D I haven't served tea to anybody. E Nobody's ever told me anything about my plates and tea.

Study the verbs in sentences A to E above. They are: are broken, 've mixed have mixed , 've taken have taken , haven't served, 's told has told Look closely at the parts of the verb that are italicized— broken, mixed, taken, served, told. These forms of the verbs are called the Past Participle forms. The past participle forms of verbs have several important uses.

So, let us study how they are formed. Most of the verbs form their past participle by adding -ed. But some verbs form their past participle forms in other ways. Here are some of the most common ones. Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with the correct past participle form of the verbs given in brackets.

A: Please sit down. B: Please tell us your name. C: Your name gives the impression that you're a very learned man. If only names could be an index of the mind of the people who bear them. D: What about your name? Do you think it indicates your personality? Well, don't worry about your name. Please tell E interrupting him : me what subjects you studied for your B.

E : I wonder why most of you offer these subjects. They have no facilities to teach certain subjects which most of us would like to study.

A: Can you name some of these subjects? Or education, psychology. Or still more useful and career-oriented subjects like business management, social work, journalism, international under- standing, oceanography. B: But do you think you can mention social work and oceanography together, in the same breath? I wasn't in any way attempting a classified list. Most candidates for jobs try their luck at everything and plump for whatever job they can lay their hands on.

They don't care whether they are fit for a certain career or not. I'm taking this interview because I'd, any day, prefer an administrative position to any other. B: Why? A: That's a good answer! Do you like his answers?

Note the way these words are said: please these gives jobs hands because business position Listen carefully to the consonant sound spelt with the letter s in the words: please these gives jobs hands because business position You will notice that it is the same sound as the first consonant sound in the following words.

Practise the sound with the help of the following words. Listen again to the conversation. Note carefully the pronuncia- tions of the following words.

Note the pronunciations of the following words. They are given in phonetic symbols. Write down in phonetic symbols the pronunciations of the remaining four words in Section 2, and say them aloud. Note the weak pronunciations of these form words: me us them You will notice that these words are said like this: me mi us as them 5am b.

Practise the weak pronunciations of the following form words as written in phonetic symbols against them. The interviewers asked Vinod a large number of questions. They had to, because they were seeking information about the candidate. We looked at some of them in Unit 8. Let us study a few more of them now. The following are some of the questions the interviewers asked Vinod. Can you name some of these subjects? Do you think you can mention social work and oceanography together.

Can you tell me why you're interested in an administrative career? Compare these two pairs of sentences: A What subjects did you study for your B. B Please tell me what subjects you studied for your B. A Does it indicate your personality?

B Do you think it indicates your personality? Questions marked A in the pairs above and sentences marked B both ask for the same items of information. But question A is rather abrupt; it might even sound a little rude. Question B is most polite; it is more tactful. In polite conversation, people use expressions like Please tell me or Do you think.

Let's look at some such expressions: 1 Can you tell me. As you will have noticed, these expressions have been arranged in order of increasing politeness—expression 1 is polite, 2 is more polite, and 4 the most polite.

Ask polite questions to seek information in the following situations. Ask the clerk at the counter. Ask him how much a machine would cost, d Ask your friend why she has not returned the book she borrowed from you. He had promised to build a bridge across the river to link your village to the nearest town. Ask him why the work has not started yet. Interviewer C asks Vinod: Can you tell me why you're interested in an administrative career?

This question has two parts: A Why are you interested. B Can you tell me? The real question is A. But it is made more polite by adding B before it. It is called an 'indirect question'. Study three more examples from Vinod's interview: 1 Does your name indicate your personality? Do you think? Do you think your name indicates your personality? Please tell me. Please tell me what subjects you studied.

Do you think you can mention. Compare these two questions: A Why are you late? Direct question B Can you tell me why you are late? Indirect question Study the word-order of A. It is the usual word-order of questions, that is: are you. Direct question verb subject See Section VI of Units 1 and 3 Now, look at the word-order of B ; you are Indirect question subject verb The indirect question has the word-order of a statement. Compare the word-order of these questions: C When does the train leave?

Direct question D Do you know when the train leaves? Indirect question You will have noticed that the indirect question does not use the auxiliary does. It is like a statement. Turn the following into indirect questions. Example: How does this machine work?

Can you explain? Can you explain how this machine works? Can you explain. Can you tell me whether t. Will you tell me. Can you find out. Do you know. You know1, the motor cycle I sold you. S: Yeah? I don't know how to put this exactly, but the cheque you wrote out for me. S: Oh no! I'm ever so sorry.

I don't know what to say. GS: Don't worry about that. These things happen. S: I think what happened could be. GS: Well, now don't. S: Anyway, I'll write you another cheque. GS: That'd be nice.

S: Perhaps I shouldn't mention this after what you've just said, but the motor cycle itself hasn't actually ever started. GS: Really? S: No, I haven't been able to get it to start. GS: Dear, dear! S: Well, perhaps you could come and have a look at it some time. GS: Of course, yes, I must.

S: Can you make it tomorrow evening, say, at about 7 o'clock? GS: Oh no, I'm sorry, I'm busy till 8 o'clock. I could come round some time after 8. S: Oh yes, that'll be fine. Thanks a lot. Who had sold the motor cycle? How did he make the payment? The syllable containing the sound is printed in italics when the word has more than one syllable: blouse browse house lousy proud rowdy 2.

Practise saying them correctly. Note carefully the pronuncia- tions of the following words and expressions. Note carefully the pronuncia- tions of the following contracted forms.

Their full forms are given in brackets: that'll that will that'd that would Their pronunciations, written in phonetic symbols, are: Sstl Saetad b. Full form Contracted form Pronunciation this will this'll Sisl these will these'll 6i:zl those will those'll Sauzl this would this'd 8isad that would that'd daetad V. Gurcharan Singh has bought a motor cycle from Subbarao. How does Subbarao feel? He is surprised. What does he say? He says: 'Really? It is a way of expressing surprise.

In the following section, we will look at some common ways in which people express surprise. They say: Surprising! I don't believe it! When surprise is also enjoyable, people say: What a pleasant surprise! I am surprised at the news, to see you here. Let us study some situations in which people express their surprise: a Girl: You remember Anita?

Friend: Yes, the slow-witted girl in our class? Girl: Well, she's won the first place in the essay competition. Friend : Amazing! Wife: Good Lord! Wife: That's a surprise! I'd sent it to them nearly a year ago.

She's arriving tomorrow. Wife: What a pleasant suiprise! How will you show your surprise in the following situations? Choose from the expressions in 2 above. Our boss is giving us all a party on Sunday, b You wrote to a bookseller a month ago complaining that an expensive book they had sent you had arrived in a bad shape. You have not yet heard from them, c A newspaper headline: Man dug out alive after seventeen days under a collapsed house, d Your sister left for work in the morning.

An hour later, the doorbell rings. You open the door to find her standing there, e A friend tells you: Your short story has won the first prize. Compare the following sentences. A It is a pleasant surprise. B What a pleasant surprise! Sentences A and B express the same feeling—surprise. But Sentence B shows greater surprise than A. Sentence B, as you know, is called an exclamatory sentence.

Exclamatory sentences show strong feelings of surprise, pain, admiration, etc: What a great surprise! How it hurts! What a lovely view! How cold it is! Look at some examples of exclamatory sentences: 1 Your daughter is very clever. How clever your daughter is! What an idiot I am! What a noise they are making! How delightful her manners are! What lovely eyes she has! Express the following ideas in exclamatory sentences.

What a. SA: I'm afraid it's sold out. C: Sold out? I don't think it's possible. This book cannot be in such great demand. SA: Wait a minute, sir. Do you have the history book in mind, the one written by John Brown? C: Oh, not at all. I mean the world-famous novel by the great Russian novelist Dostoevsky. I doubt if there is any history book of this name.

I think you're mixed up. SA: Oh dear, I'm really mixed up. I'm sorry, sir. Perhaps I should've been a little more careful. C: Now, don't worry about that. Tell me how long it will take you to get me a copy of the book.

I need it soon. SA: If you could give me two weeks' time. No annoying ads, no download limits , enjoy it and don't forget to bookmark and share the love! Spoken English Flourish Your Language. Can't find what you're looking for?

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