D The interface is already configured. Memory Types — Express the given number in scientific notation. Where is the running configuration stored? Which of the following are stored in ROM on the Cisco device? What type of memory is shown here? Which commands can you use to save the running configuration to the startup configuration?
When you first boot up the Cisco router, where does it locate the startup configuration? You are connected to your switch and wish to remotely administer the Cisco router. Which com- mand would you use? A telnet B enable C connect D rdp You are at the global configuration prompt and wish to configure a communication protocol for remote access to the router. What command would you type? A line vty 0 4 B line ssh 0 C line telnet 0 4 D line telnet 0 What command would you use to navigate from priv exec mode to user exec mode?
You wish to get help on which parameters exist on the ping command. How would you get a list of parameters? A help ping B ping? What is the command to move to priv exec mode from user exec? Which of the following prompts represents global configuration mode?
What is the default router name if a name is not assigned to the router during initial configuration? A R1 B switch C router D default What command would you use to navigate to global configuration mode?
What types of actions can an administrator perform at this IOS prompt? You wish to run the initial configuration dialog. What command would you use? A install B dialog C setup D initdialog Under what conditions would the initial configuration dialog appear? You have connected a computer to the console port of a brand new router.
What will the router display on the screen after it is powered on? What is the purpose of the POST? A Locate the IOS in flash memory. C Verify that hardware is functioning. D Apply the startup configuration. What does this indicate? What happens when a router starts up and it does not have a startup configuration file? A The router prompts for a password. B The router prompts to enter setup mode.
C The router applies a default configuration. D The router goes into global configuration mode. A A limited operating system used to troubleshoot startup and password recovery B Storage area to hold the startup configuration C Used to store the Cisco IOS D Storage area to hold the running configuration Which of the following best identifies the boot order of a Cisco device? Using this output of the show version command, how many Fast Ethernet ports exist on the router?
Using the output below, what version of the Cisco IOS is running? Your manager is wondering how many Fast Ethernet ports are on the router. What command would you use to find that out? A show help B show modules C show fastethernet D show version You wish to verify the version of the Cisco IOS you are running.
You wish to view the current value of the configuration register. This chapter is designed to test you on the basics of router configuration, including interface configuration, global configura- tion commands, and basic troubleshooting of the interfaces. Be very familiar with the configuration commands, and also make note of the troubleshooting scenarios that are presented in this chapter or any chapter : They are the types of questions you can expect on the CCNA exams!
The show interfaces command and the show ip interface brief command are used to display the status of the interfaces, whereas the show controllers command can be used to view whether a serial interface is a DTE or DCE device. You wish to disable the Fast Ethernet interface on your router. Which of the following are encapsulation protocols that can be used on a serial link for a Cisco router? You would like to configure the Fast Ethernet port on your router for full duplex.
What commands would you use? You wish to enable the Fast Ethernet port on the router. Which of the following layer-2 protocols are supported encapsulation protocols on the serial link of a Cisco device? Which of the following commands would you use to assign an IP address to the Fast Ethernet interface on the router? A router config-if ip address In a point-to-point serial link between two routers, which router sets the clock rate?
Which of the following are additional commands needed to configure a serial interface over what is needed when configuring an Ethernet interface? You are configuring the DCE device on a serial link.
After disabling the serial interface using the shutdown command, which of the following repre- sents the output displayed on the console as a result of your action?
A R1 config ip address dhcp B R1 config ip dhcp address C R1 config-if ip dhcp address D R1 config-if ip address dhcp Basic Configuration — Express the given number in scientific notation. Which of the following commands would you use to change the hostname on the router? Which of the following password types are encrypted in the configuration by default? A enable password B enable secure password C enable secret D enable encrypted password You are at the following prompt. What command would you type first to change the name of the router?
Which of the following command-sets would you use to configure a password on the console port of the router? A Use the following commands: enable password myConPass login B Use the following commands: enable config term line con 0 password myConPass login C Use the following commands: enable config term line con 0 password myConPass D Use the following commands: enable config term password myConPass login You are looking to create a username for Tom to log on to the router.
You would like to encrypt all passwords configured on the router. A enable password-encryption B service password-encryption C encrypt-password all D encrypt-passwords You have made changes to your Cisco router and would like to verify the changes before saving them. A show startup-config B show memory C show running-config D show flash You are administering a Cisco router. When you have a typo in the command name, you have to wait for the router to do a DNS lookup before getting control of the console again — an annoying problem.
What command would fix it? A disable dns B no ip domain lookup C ip domain lookup D no dns lookup You would like the console to time out after a minute and 45 seconds of inactivity. A exec-timeout 1 45 B exec-timeout C no exec-timeout 1 45 D no exec-timeout What command can be used to modify the history size on the Cisco router? After creating a user named Bob, you would like to ensure that the console port prompts for username and password. A r1 config-line login B r1 config-line enable login C r1 config-line login local D r1 config-line logon Which of the following banner types is the first to be displayed?
You would like to delete the configuration on your router and start with a clean configuration. Which two commands would you use?
A delete startup-config B reload C restart D erase startup-config E format-router Basic Troubleshooting — Express the given number in scientific notation.
You have loaded HDLC on both routers. A Ensure the subnet mask on the serial ports is B Change the frame size on the serial interfaces. C Use PPP as the serial link protocol. D Change the buffer size on the serial interfaces. You would like to verify the status of one of your interfaces. What can you do to solve the problem? A Configure an encapsulation protocol. B Assign an IP address. D Enable the interface. Which of the following commands is used to display a table output shown below indicating the IP assigned to each interface and the status of the interface?
A show ip interfaces B show ip table C show ip interface brief D show ip table brief Which of the following commands display information on the IOS version? Select three. You are troubleshooting communication issues between router R1 and R2.
The physical cabling is connected as shown in the figure below, as well as the IP address range. You use the show command displayed in the figure to identify the problem. Why are the routers not communicating? A The IP range for the serial ports is incorrect. B The serial interface is using half-duplex. C The serial port has the wrong cable connected. D The serial interface is using the wrong subnet mask.
You need to find out if the serial port on your router is acting as the DCE device in the point-to-point link with another router. What command do you need to use? You are troubleshooting communication across a serial port and use the show interfaces command to get the output displayed below.
B An encapsulation protocol has not been set. C Check the physical connection. D You are using PPP. Sue, a network administrator in your office, has configured the router with the commands shown below. What is the order of the passwords that would need to be supplied if she connects to the console port on the router to make changes?
You use the show interfaces command and get the status below on your serial port. Which layer of the OSI model has a problem? Jeff configures the router with the commands shown below. What is the order of the passwords that he would need to use when connecting to the console port of the router to make changes? Using the output below from the show interfaces command, what is most likely the problem? B A protocol or clock rate has not been set.
C You need to configure the router as the DCE device. D You need to configure the router as the DTE device. What is the order of the passwords that he would need to enter when connecting to the console port of the router to make changes?
You are also expected to know how to use the Cisco Discovery Protocol to identify other Cisco devices on the network and details about those devices, and to understand how to remotely connect to a device via telnet and manage your telnet sessions. This chapter tests on these issues and more. Know that the CDP advertisements are sent out every 60 seconds known as the CDP timer and stored for seconds known as the hold timer by the receiving Cisco device.
You can change the CDP timer and hold timer with the global configuration commands of cdp timer and cdp holdtimer. You can also use the show cdp command to view the configuration of CDP. Which of the following connectionless application layer protocols is used to transfer Cisco IOS images and configuration files to a backup location?
Your coworker would like to back up the router configuration to a TFTP server. What command would you use to back up your running configuration to a TFTP server? A backup running-config tftp B copy running-config tftp C backup tftp running-config D copy tftp running-config A few weeks ago, you backed up your router configuration to a TFTP and now you wish to restore the configuration back to your router.
A backup running-config tftp B copy running-config tftp C backup tftp running-config D copy tftp running-config Copy flash tftp Susan types the preceding command on her company router.
What is the command's purpose? Which of the following command associations are true? In the figure below, what is the purpose of address B It is the IP address of the device whose running-config you wish to back up.
Which of the following commands allows you to view the filename of your IOS? What happens if you are copying a new IOS image to flash memory and there is not enough available space due to space used by your existing IOS file? A The old IOS file is deleted to make room. B The copy operation fails. C The copy operation succeeds but with no data in the file.
D The old file is renamed. What port does TFTP use? You have three IOS image files in flash memory. What command would you use to control which IOS is used when the router starts up? A boot startup B startup C boot system D load image You are having issues with your router, which currently does not have network access or an IOS. What protocol could you use to transfer an IOS image to the router?
A xmodem B tftp C ftp D snmp What command would you use to ensure that the Cisco router loads the IOS image file of cnm- advipservicesk9-mz. A boot system tftp cnm-advipservicesk9-mz. You need to identify other Cisco devices on the network; which Cisco protocol do you use? You are connected to the console port of router R3 shown in the figure below. When you use CDP to display other network devices that have been discovered, what devices will you see?
Which of the following statements are true in regards to CDP? A CDP is a Cisco proprietary protocol. B CDP is an industry standard protocol. C CDP runs at the network layer. D CDP runs at the data link layer.
E CDP discovers all devices on the network. You are the network administrator for the network shown in the figure below. Your manager would like to ensure that CDP advertisements are not sent out to the Internet from router HO1, but they should be sent to the Toronto and Boston routers. You are the network administrator for a small network.
You are connected to the console port on a switch and would like to telnet into the router on the network, but you forget the IP address of the router. What command could you use to determine the IP address of the router? A show ip interface brief B show cdp neighbors detail C show cdp D show ip neighbors There is a switch on the network called NY-SW1. What command would you use on the router to determine the model number of that switch?
By default, how frequently does a Cisco device send out CDP advertisements? A 30 seconds B 60 seconds C seconds D seconds You wish to view only the IP addresses of neighboring devices; what command do you use? You would like to alter the amount of time that CDP information is stored on a Cisco device. What command should you use? A cdp timer B cdp store C cdp holdtime D cdp retain What command do you use to disable CDP on the serial interface? You would like to alter the frequency at which CDP sends out advertisements to every 90 seconds.
Your manager is concerned that hackers can discover information about the network via CDP and asks you to disable CDP on your router. A disable cdp B no cdp run C no cdp enable D no disable cdp Telnet — Express the given number in scientific notation. You have telnetted into a switch on the network from your router and now wish to suspend your telnet session. How do you do this? A telnet B login C cdp D connect E resume What port does Telnet use? Which of the following secure protocols should be used instead of Telnet for remote administration of the Cisco device?
What port does SSH use? Which of the following represent characteristics of telnet with Cisco devices? Your network has been up and running for a few months. Two days ago, Bob, the network administrator, assigned an IP address to the switch. Why would an IP address be assigned to the switch?
You have suspended a Telnet session and wish to reconnect to that session again; what command do you use? What command do you use to determine if you have any suspended Telnet sessions? A show sessions B show users C show suspensions D show suspended users Your manager would like you to monitor who is remotely connected to the router via Telnet. A show sessions B show suspensions C show users D show suspended users You are having trouble telnetting into one of your Boston switches from the New York office.
You have no problem telnetting into the switch when you are in the Boston office. What is most likely the solution? A Enable routing on the switch. B Configure a static route on the router in New York. C Configure a default gateway on the switch.
D Configure a default gateway on the New York router. It is important to note that the new version of the ICND1 exam includes objectives on password recovery procedures and access lists. Use the IP Host command to add a hostname to the hostname table on the router. After you create the address pool, you specify the network range of addresses to give out with the network command. Static NAT associates a single public address to a single private address, while overloading is the concept that all private addresses translate to the one public address.
To filter by the source IP address of a packet, you should configure standard access lists; to filter by the source and destination IP address, source and destination port, and protocol, on the other hand, use extended access lists. You try to ping the Boston router and get the error shown in the figure below. What should you do to allow the ping to work? What command displays the hostname table on a router? A show ip hosts B show ip names C show names D show hosts To configure your router to query a DNS server, what command do you use?
A ip name-server You have decided to remove the entry for the Boston router from your hostname table. A host BOS-R1 Which command has created the output shown in the figure below? A show systems B show hosts C show ip dhcp D show ip arp When administering your Cisco router, it tries to do a DNS query every time you have a typo in a command. How can you disable this? A ip domain lookup B no ip domain lookup C no hosts lookup D hosts lookup disabled You have configured your router for a name server, but you still find that names are not being resolved.
What command would you execute? Which of the following DHCP commands would you use to specify that the address pool is to configure the default gateway on client computers? A NY-R1 dhcp-config default-gateway You suspect the DHCP service may have been shut down. How can you start it? A start dhcp B net start dhcp C ip start dhcp D service dhcp You wish to stop the DHCP service so that addresses are not being handed out till you need the service.
What command would you use to stop the service? A no dhcp B no service dhcp C no dhcp service D no services-dhcp You are monitoring DHCP usage on your router. What command would you use to see how many DHCP related messages the router has received? A show dhcp B show ip dhcp server statistics C show dhcp statistics D show ip dhcp A show ip dhcp leases B show dhcp C show ip dhcp binding D show dhcp leases Which of the following implements NAT overload?
Your manager has asked what would be a good use of static NAT. What command would you use to create the access list? A NY-R1 config Access-list 16 permit When configuring NAT, how would you configure the serial port? What mechanism does NAT overloading use to allow one public IP address to be mapped to multiple systems?
What command would you use to configure the router so that those addresses can use NAT? What type of NAT maps a single public address to all internal addresses? What command can you use to view the NAT translation table? A show ip nat B show nat C show nat translations D show ip nat translations Looking at the figure below, which of the following would be used to configure NAT on the router? Assume the IP addresses are already assigned to the interfaces. What keystroke interrupts the boot sequence on a Cisco router in order to implement password- recovery procedures?
What is the default configuration register on most Cisco routers? A 0x B 0x C 0x D 0x You wish to view the current configuration register value on a Cisco router, what command would you use?
A show register B show password C show version D show ip register After you have recovered the password on a Cisco device, what command would you use to set the configuration register back to the default?
A config-register 0x B config-register 0x C config-register 0x D config-register 0x When you need to recover a password, what bit number do you manipulate in the configuration register? Extended access lists use what range for access list numbers?
Your manager has asked you to block traffic from the system with the IP address of You have configured an access list using the commands show in the figure below, but now no traffic from any system can pass through the interface. A Access lists have an implied deny all at the bottom. B You need a subnet mask in the access list command. C You should have used ip access-class instead of ip access-group.
D You should have used a permit instead of deny. What type of access control list allows you to filter by source and destination IP address, source and destination port, and protocol? You would like to ensure that only systems on the A Use the following: access-list 20 permit You have created a standard access list 20 that permits a group of IP addresses.
You would like to use this access list to control who can telnet into the router. What command would you use on the telnet ports? What is the result of the access list in the figure below? A It denies the B It denies the C It denies the D It denies the The ICND1 certification exam expects you to know the basics of configuring a router and also the basics of managing the routing table through static routing.
You can use the ip route command to add a static route to the routing table. You can delete a route from the routing table using the no ip route command. When troubleshooting routing issues, use the show ip route command to view the routing table. The lower the administrative distance, the more trustworthy the knowledge is. To configure the GWLR, you use the ip route command to add a route to the 0.
In order to configure router on a stick, you would create sub-interfaces on the router and enable dot1q as the tagging protocol, along with the VLAN ID, for each sub-interface. You would then configure the switch to use the port with the connection to the router as a trunk port so that it can carry all the VLAN traffic across the port.
What type of memory stores the routing table on Cisco routers? Computer A is sending data to computer B on a remote network. Select as many as apply. B The destination IP address is that of router R1. C The destination MAC address is that of the switch. When a router receives a packet what does it do? What routes exist by default on your router? Which of the following represents one of the downfalls of static routes? A They are shared automatically with neighboring routers.
B They are shared automatically with the entire network. C They are manually configured by the router administrator. D They generate network traffic to broadcast knowledge of the route. Which of the following represents an advantage of static routing?
You are the administrator for router R1 and have configured a static route to the Your company has loaded RIPv1 on all the routers on the network, and router R2 n shares knowledge of a route to the Which route will your router use? Which of the following two actions must a router do with an incoming packet in order to send it to its destination?
What is the command to delete a static route? A no ip route B route delete C delete route D ip route delete Your manager has disabled routing on the router by mistake. What command could you use to enable routing again? A ip routing B no ip routing C enable routing D no disable routing What is the result of the following commands being entered on the route? B Any data destined for the C Any data destined for the D Any data destined for the Chapter 8: Static Routing 95 You have configured static routing on your router and would like to remove an entry from the routing table.
A delete What command adds a static route? A ip route You type the following command into the router. Which of the following statements is true as a result of the command? Ip route C Packets destined for D The administrative distance to the destination network is You are the administrator for a small network made up of two routers.
What is a quick method you can use to configure routing between all networks? A Build static routes to all unknown routes on each router. D Configure access lists to allow traffic to route between the networks. Your routers are running the RIP routing protocol and you type the following command. What is the outcome of typing this command? Ip route 0. B You have configured RIP to broadcast knowledge of the C You have configured a connected route to forward traffic to D You have configured Gateway of Last Resort so that if there is a packet destined for the You are the administrator for router R1.
According to exhibit, all traffic towards Internet that originates from workstations should forward to Router R1. Explanation: OSPF implements a two-tier hierarchical routing model that uses a core or backbone tier known as area zero 0. Attached to that backbone via area border routers ABRs are a number of secondary tier areas. Deterministic traffic recovery? Scalable and manageable routing hierarchy, reduced routing overhead.
Which of these statements correctly describes the state of the switch once the boot process has been completed? Remote access management of this switch will not be possible without configuration change. More VLANs will need to be created for this switch. Correct Answer: B. This shows that VLAN1 is shut down. Hence remote management of this switch is not possible unless VLAN1 is brought back up.
Based on the exhibited routing table, how will packets from a host within the The router will forward packets from R3 to R2 to R1. The router will forward packets from R3 to R1 to R2. The router will forward packets from R3 to R1. Correct Answer: C. Explanation: From the routing table we learn that network It requires the use of ARP. It can support multiple IPv6 subnets on a single link. It supports up to 2 instances of OSPFv3 over a common link. It routes over links rather than over networks.
Correct Answer: BD. What path will packets take from a host on the The path of the packets will be R3 to R2 to R1. The path of the packets will be R3 to R1 to R2. The path of the packets will be R3 to R1. From the output of the routing table of R3 we learn this network can be reach via It is now ready to find and load an IOS image.
What function does the router perform next? VLANs allow the creation of collision domains by groups other than just physical location. Using VLANs, it is possible to establish networks by different means, such as by function, type of hardware, protocol, among others.
This is a big advantage when compared to conventional LANs wherein collision domains are always tied to physical location. Subnetting is the process of creating smaller networks from a big parent network. Being a part of a network, each subnet is assigned some additional parameters or identifier to indicate its subnet number. A layered network offers many advantages. It allows administrators to make changes in one layer without the need to make changes in the other layers.
Specialization is encouraged, allowing the network industry to make progress faster. A layered model also lets administrators troubleshoot problems more efficiently.
It is not capable of establishing virtual circuits and acknowledgements. Presentation layer supports many standards, which ensures that data is presented correctly. In cases when you need to configure a router remotely, the most convenient is to use the Cisco AutoInstall Procedure.
It can be done in three possible ways: — using Dotted-decimal. For example: For example: 82 1E 10 A1. Internetworks are created when networks are connected using routers. Specifically, the network administrator assigns a logical address to every network that connects to the router. Bandwidth refers to the transmission capacity of a medium. It is a measure of how much volume a transmission channel can handle, and is measured in Kbps. Hold-downs prevent regular update messages from reinstating a downed link by removing that link from update messages.
It uses triggered updates to reset the hold-down timer. Packets are the results of data encapsulation. These are data that has been wrapped under the different protocols of the OSI layers.
Packets are also referred to as datagrams. Segments are sections of a data stream that comes from the upper OSI layers and ready for transmission towards the network. Segments are the logic units at the Transport Layer. Route Poisoning is the process of inserting a table entry of 16 to a route, making it unreachable. This technique is used in order to prevent problems caused by inconsistent updates on a route.
The best way to go about this is to use the equation minus the subnet mask. The hosts that are considered valid are those that can be found between the subnets.
DLCI, or Data Link Connection Identifiers, are normally assigned by a frame relay service provider in order to uniquely identify each virtual circuit that exists on the network.Routing is the process of finding a path on which data can pass from source to destination. Routing is done by a device all of me john legend song free download routers, ccna questions and answers pdf free download are network layer devices. The job of the Data Link layer is to check ccna questions and answers pdf free download are sent to the right device. Another function of this layer is framing. When a switch receives a signal, it creates a frame out of the bits that was extracted from that signal. With this process, it gains access and reads the destination address, after which it forwards that frame to the appropriate port. This is a very efficient means of data transmission, instead of broadcasting it on all ports. Network congestion occurs when too many users are trying to use the same bandwidth. This is especially true in big networks that do ccna questions and answers pdf free download resort to network ccna questions and answers pdf free download. A Window refers ccnna the number of segments that is allowed to be sent from source to destination before an acknowledgement is sent back. Not really. What a bridge actually does is to take the aswers network and pvf it, without changing qestions size of the network. This model uses the Store-and-forward switching method. It stores the entire frame to its andwers and performs a crc check before deciding whether or not to forward that data frame. Frree LLC can also provide error correction. RIP relies on the number of hops in order ccna questions and answers pdf free download determine the best route to a network. On the other hand, IGRP takes consideration many factors before it decides the best route to take, such as bandwidth, reliability, MTU and hop count. BootP is a protocol that is used to boot diskless workstations that are connected to the network. To get pass download ccna you must answers correct. So Enjoy these ccna questions pdf to get enough knowledge for ccna free question bank attempt. I salute you for your integrity in choosing a brain-dump-free practice exam. Kevin Wallace CCNA R&S () Ultimate Practice Exam Answers. Question #1 For example, TFTP is commonly used to download files to a router's flash. new Cisco CCNA dumps exam questions and answers free download. % success and guarantee to pass Cisco CCNA Cisco Certified Network Associate CCNA (v). Pass Cisco Exam with % Guarantee. Free Download Real Questions & Answers PDF and. Download File PDF Ccna Certification Exam Questions And Answers Questions. % Free Cisco CCNA Routing and Switching Exam Questions CCNA. preparation of this book, the publisher and author assume no responsibility CHAPTER 4 Working with Cisco Equipment. Answer Key to Practice Exam 1. v semester 1 Routing and Switching: Introduction to Networks Exams Answers. % Test Online qUIZ and FREE Download PDF File CCNA 1. What you'll find online The online practice that comes free with this book offers you the same 1, questions and answers that are available here. The beauty of. CCNA Interview Questions and Answers pdf free download for freshers and experienced mcqs real time objective type tutorials questions. TCP is connection oriented protocol. To make sure it works! Next Next post: Great News!! The anycast packet in a LAN setting forwards the packet to the neighbor it learned about first. The highest IP address of any physical interface. The hostname is the name of your router. Create a user with a password. On the other hand, privileged mode includes all options that are available for User Mode, plus more. Physical Topology is the actual layout of the network medium. It uses triggered updates to reset the hold-down timer.